Cardio training and your health.

Cardiorespiratory or cardiovascular (also known as cardio) training is exercise that works your heart and circulatory system. Examples of cardio training are walking, running, cycling, swimming, etc. Here are the reasons why you should not ignore this type of exercise.

1. You will get a stronger heart.

Your heart has to work harder during exercise and pump more blood around your body at a faster rate. Cardio training makes your heart and circulatory system stronger and more efficient. Over time your heart learns to sustain your everyday activity at less effort (the amount of blood that goes through the heart increases, and at the same time your resting heart rate reduces). You will also get more efficient circulation, increased haemoglobin levels that improve oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells and improved tone of the artery walls.

2. You will decrease risk of some serious diseases.

By participating in cardiovascular exercise you will reduce your risk of several life-threatening diseases, such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes (due to increased glucose metabolism) and some cancers, such as colon cancer and lung cancer. For example,The American College of Sports Medicine states that higher levels of cardiovascular fitness are associated with a 50 percent reduction in cardiovascular disease risk.

3. You will maintain a healthy weight.

Any cardio training is an efficient workout that makes your body use large muscle groups over relatively long periods of time. Cardiovascular exercise is a great way to become and stay toned, reduce body fat and maintain body fat levels within healthy ranges. Even if you are a weight-room lover, don’t ignore cardio training at least couple of times per week! It will never make you loose your lean tissue. But it will help your heart to cope with all those muscles that you gained.

* Don’t forget that cardio training is associated not only with benefits, but with some risks as well. Please, consult your physician or your personal trainer before starting your cardio training.

Anastasia P., sources: YMCA fit, UK Department of Health